THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS CHAPTER 8

Posted: 05/03/2013 by whocantopit in Bible Lessons

OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER

1)  To appreciate the place the Holy Spirit has in the lives of Christians

2)  To notice the power to overcome sin which is available in Christ

3)  To realize the extent of God’s love toward us

SUMMARY

In chapter seven, Paul described the dilemma of a man who becomes a prisoner of the law of sin which is in the members of his body.  In the last few verses, Paul made reference to the hope of liberation made possible by God through Jesus Christ.  In this chapter, Paul amplified on the freedom from sin found in Christ.

First, for those in Christ who are walking according to the Spirit, there is no condemnation for sin, for the death of Christ for sin has set us free from the law of sin and death by fulfilling the requirement of the law (1-4).  Second, by setting our minds on the things of the spirit and not the flesh, we are able to enjoy life and peace, pleasing God (5-8).  And third, we now enjoy the indwelling of the Spirit of God, by whom we can put to death the deeds of the body and enjoy both present and future blessings as the children of God (9-17).

The blessings of being God’s children are enlarged upon in the rest of the chapter.  Our present sufferings mean nothing in view of our ultimate redemption and revealing for which we eagerly and patiently wait (18-25).  We have the privilege of the Holy Spirit and Jesus interceding for us when we pray, which assures that all things will work together for good for those called according to God’s purpose (26-30).  Finally, as God’s elect we have the assurance that nothing can tear us away from God’s love and that in all things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us (31-39).

OUTLINE

1.  IN CHRIST THERE IS FREEDOM FROM SIN (1-17)

    A.  FREEDOM FROM THE CONDEMNATION OF SIN (1-4)
         1.  Available to those in Christ, made possible by the law of the Spirit of life (1-2)
          2.  An accomplishment not attained by the Law, but by the death of Christ (3-4)

     B.  FREEDOM FROM THE POWER OF SIN (5-17)

           1.  To those who set their minds on the things of the Spirit, not the flesh, pleasing God (5-8)
            2.  To those who have the indwelling Holy Spirit (9-11)
             3.  To those who by the Spirit put to death the deeds of the body (12-13)
              4.  To those thus led, who are the children of God and joint heirs with Christ (14-16)

11.  BLESSINGS OF BEING CHILDREN OF GOD (18-39)

        A.  THE GLORY TO BE REVEALED IN US (18-25)
              1.  Present sufferings don’t even compare (18)
               2.  The whole creation eagerly awaits for TV revealing and glorious liberty of the children of God (19-22)
               3.  We also eagerly wait with the perseverance for this hope (23-25)

        B.  THE HELP OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (26-26)
              1.  Helps in our weakness as we pray (25a)
               2.  By interceding for us as we pray (26b-27)

        C.  ALL WORKING TOGETHER FOR GOOD (28-30)
              1.  For those who love God, called according to His purpose (28)
               2.  For such, whom God foreknew, He will carry out His ultimate purpose (29-30)

        D.  GOD’S LOVE TOWARD HIS ELECT (31-39)
               1.  God, who spared not His own Son, is on our side (31-33)
                2.  Christ, who died for us, now intercedes for us at God’s right hand (34)
                 3.  Through such love we are more than conquerors over all things (35-39)

WORDS TO PONDER

law of the Spirit of life – 1) possibly an expression referring to the Gospel; or, 2) the law (principle) involving TV life-giving Spirit who aids those in Christ to become free of the “law of sin and death” in their members (cf. 7:23 with 8:11-13)

the Spirit, Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ, Spirit of Him – various references to the Holy Spirit

the creation – various explanations are often given:  1) all of mankind;  2) only the saved; 3) the whole physical creation placed under the curse (Gen 3:17; 8:21; Really 22:3), using the kind of language found in Psa 98:7-9; 148:1-14.

predestined – predetermined; note carefully in verse 29 that is based upon “foreknowledge” (cf. 1 Pe 1:2), and that which is predetermined is WHAT those in Christ are to become, not WHO are to be in Christ.

elect – chosen; according to 1 Pe 1:2, this election is based upon gods foreknowledge, not some arbitrary choice

intercedes – to make a petition on behalf of another; used of the Holy Spirit in verse 26-27 +interceding as a “translator”?), and of Christ in verse 34 (interceding as “defense counsel”?(

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER

1)  List the main points of this chapter
2)  What is the main difference between the “law of Moses” and the “law of the Spirit of life”? (2-4)
3)  What is the result of setting your mind on the things of the flesh?  On the things of the Spirit?  (6)
4)  Do the Scriptures teach that the Holy Spirit dwells in the Christian? (9-11(
5)  How can we assure that we will continue to live spirituality? (13)
6)  List briefly the blessings of being the children of God (14-39)
        

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