THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS CHAPTER 6

Posted: 05/04/2013 by whocantopit in Bible Lessons

OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER

1)  To understand what takes place in baptism
2)  Do appreciate the freedom from sin which we may now enjoy in Christ

SUMMARY

In Chapter five, Paul made the statement “where is sin abounded, grace abounded much more” (5:20).  Aware that some readers might misconstrue what he said, Paul quickly points out that grace is no excuse to sin since through grace they have died to sin (1-2).  To emphasize this, he reminds them of their baptism into Christ, in which they experienced a burial into the death of Christ and rose to walk in newness of life, having died to sin (3-7).  Dead to sin, they are now free to live as instruments of righteousness for God (8-14)

Another reason not to continue in sin is explained in terms of servitude.  We become slaves to that which we obey, either sin or God (15-16).  But Paul is grateful that the Romans had begun to obey God and were free to become His servants (17-18). How important it is that they continue to do so is to be seen in the outcome of serving sin contrasted to serving God.  Serving SIB earns death, but in serving God one receives the gift of eternal life in Jesus Christ (19-23)!

OUTLINE

I.  WE ARE DEAD TO SIN! (1-14)

      A.  THROUGH BAPTISM WE DIED TO SIN (1-7)
            1.  Shall we sin, that grace may abound? No, we died to sin, (1-2)
            2.  In baptism we were buried into Christ’s death (3-4a)
            3.  We should walk in newness of life, having been united together in the likeness of His death, crucified with Him, no longer slaves of sin, but freed from sin (4b-7)

      B.  DEAD TO SIN, ALIVE TO GOD (8-14)
            1.  Having died with Christ, we may live with Him over Whom death has no dominion (8-10)
            2.  Alive to God, we should not let SIB reign in our bodies (11-12)
            3.  But rather present our bodies as instruments of righteousness, for we are under grace (13-14)

II.  WE SHOULD BE SLAVES TO GOD! (15-23)

      A.  WE BECOME SLAVES TO WHOM WE OBEY (15-18)
            1.  Either of sin to death, or of obedience to righteousness (15-16)
            2.  Through obedience to God’s word, those who were slaves to sin become slaves of righteousness (17-18)

      B.  THE MOTIVATION FOR SERVING GOD (19-23)
           1.  Serving righteousness produces holiness (19)
           2.  Serving sin produces death (20-21)
           3.  Serving God produces the fruit of holiness, and in the end, eternal life (22)
           4.  The wages of sin is death, but God gives the gift of eternal life in Jesus Christ (23)

WORDS TO PONDER

baptism – from the Greek word “baptizo” meaning to “immerse”, it most commonly in the New Testament refers to the burial in water in the name of Jesus for the remission of our sins.

sanctification – the process of “sanctifying” or “setting apart for a devoted purpose”; in the New Testament it begins with baptism and continues on as we grow in Christ

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER

1)  List the main points of this chapter
2)  Why are Christians not to continue in sin? (2)
3)  What happens when one is baptized into Christ? (3-7)
4)  How should we present the members of our bodies? (13)
5)  Why does sin no longer have dominion over the Christian? (14)
6)  What was necessary to become free from sin? (17-18)
7)  What is the result of presenting your members as slaves to righteousness? (19)
8)  What three steps are described that eventually lead to eternal life? (22)
9)  What is the just payment for sin?  But what does God give us in Christ? (23)

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