THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS CHAPTER 5

Posted: 05/09/2013 by whocantopit in Bible Lessons

OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER

1)  To appreciate the blessings that accompany justification
2)  To comprehend more fully the grace offered through Jesus Christ

SUMMARY

Having substantiated his thesis of “justification by faith” with evidence from the Old Testament, Paul now discusses the blessings of such justification.  First, there is peace with God (1).  Second, we have access to grace in which we stand (2a).  Third, there is cause for rejoicing in hope, so that we can glory even in tribulations (2b-4).  Fourth, there is God’s love which He first demonstrated with the gift of His Son (5-8).  Finally, there is salvation from God’s wrath (9).  All of this made possible when we are reconciled to God through the death of his Son and should be the basis for endless rejoicing (10-11).

To explain further the way in which salvation is made possible, Paul compares Christ to Adam.  Through one man, Adam, sin and death entered the world, and the consequences have led to the death of many.  In similar way, through one man, Christ, many may now become righteous.   Through Jesus’ death on the cross, justification is made possible for many (12-19).

Upon comparing Christ with Adam, Paul briefly mentions that with the entering on of law sin abounded.  But the increase of sin has been adequately answered by the grace offered in Jesus Christ (20-21).

OUTLINE

I.  THE BLEWSINGS OF JUSTIFICATION (1-11)

    A.  PEACE WITH GOD (1)
    B.  ACCESS TO GRACE IN WHICH WE STAND (2a)
    C.  REJOICING IN HOOE, EVEN IN TRIBULATIONS (2b-4)
         1.  Joy in anticipating God’s glory (2b)
         2.  Joy in tribulation, knowing even it results in more hope (3-4)
             a.  For tribulation produces perseverance (3b)
             b.  And perseverance develops character (4a)
             c.  Such character gives one hope (4b)

    D.  GOD’S LOVE IN OUR HEARTS (5-8)
          1.  The assurance our hope will not be disappointed (5a)
          2.  Poured out by Holy Spirit (5b)
          3.  Demonstrated by Christ’s death while we were yet sinners (6-8)

    E.  SALVATION FROM GOD’S WRATH (9-11)
         1.  Through Jesus, just as we have been justified by His blood (9)
         2.  Saved by His life, just as we were reconciled by His death (10)
         3.  The basis for us to rejoice (11)

II.  COMPARING CHRIST WITH ADAM (12-21)

     A.  ADAM AND THE CONSEQUENCE OF HIS ACTIONS (12-14)
         1.  Through Adam, sin entered the world, and death as a consequence (12a)
         2.  Thus death spread, for all sinned (12b)
         3.  From the time of Adam to Moses, death reigned, even over those who had not sinned like Adam did (13-14)

B. ADAM AND CHRIST COMPARED (15-19)
1. Adam’s offense brought many deaths, Christ’s grace abounds even more (15)
2. One offense produced the judgment of condemnation, but many offenses produced. The free gift of justification (16)
3. By Adam’s offense death reigns, but those who receive the gift of righteousness will reign in life through Christ (17)
4. Summary (18-19)
a. Through Adam’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation (18a)
b. Through Christ’s acts grace came to all, resulting in justification of life (18b)
c. By Adam’s disobedience many were made sinners (19a)
d. By Christ’s obedience many will be made righteous (19b)

C. THE RELATIONSHIP OF LAW, SIN AND GRACE (20-21)
1. Law entered that sin might abound, but grace abounds much more (20)
2. Just as sin reigned in death, so grace reigns through righteousness to eternal life through Christ (21)

WORDS TO PONDER

reconciliation – the act of bringing peace between two parties (e.g., between man and God)
transgression – violation of law; sin
death – physically: separation of body and spirit; spiritually: separation between man and God
eternal life – the alternative to spiritual death, a result of justification

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER

1. List the main points of this chapter
2. Name some benefits we enjoy as the result of justification (1-2)
3. Why can Christians rejoice even in the middle of trials? (3-5)
4. How did God demonstrate His love for us? (6-8)
5. What in addition to Jesus’ death is involved in our ultimate salvation? (10)
6. What was the consequence of Adam’s sin upon all men? (12)
7. What comparison is made between Adam and Christ? (12-19)
8. Which has abounded more: sin, or grace? (20)

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